Principles of Atoric Lens Design – Laramy-K Optical. Views. 4 years ago. Lens, · Lenses, · Aspheric, · Atoric, · Cylinder, · Meridian, · Spherical. free-form back surface aspheric/atoric design with a spherical front surface to % of the aspheric/atoric design is surfaced on the back side of the lens. Jan 21, I have one question about those above topics What is the difference between aspheric, toric and atoric (for glasses, not for contact lenses).

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aspheric vs atoric vs Toric

However, away from the paraxial region, the incident rays of light make larger and larger angles to the optical axis, and the first-order approximation no longer accurately describes the refraction of light rays. Given the inherent limitations of traditional progressive lenses, this application of free-form technology offers the most meaningful visual benefit. Aspheric base curves free lens eesign from the constraints of conventional best form lenses, which use simple spherical base curves.

When the wearer looks through the desogn regions of a spectacle aatoric, aberrations such as oblique astigmatism produce unwanted sphere and cylinder power errors that degrade vision quality and narrow the field of clear vision. They deliver optimum optical performance only for sphere powers located near the center of the prescription range associated with each base curve.

The tangential error is the error from the desired focus through the tangential meridian of the lens as a result of lens aberrations. For example, consider a lens with a 6. Since a flatter plate height brings the back surface closer to the eye, the minification associated with minus lenses is also reduced slightly.

Typically, non-standard taoric curves with a nominal front curve of roughly 8. The far-point FP of the eye is conjugate dedign the retina, meaning that rays of light from a lens that come to a focus at the far-point will also be brought to a focus at the retina once refracted by the eye.


With sufficiently advanced software and a free-form delivery system, it becomes possible to customize the progressive lens design based upon the unique prescription requirements of each wearer Figure 6.

Take Test View Questions. The sixth lens aberration, chromatic aberrationis a consequence of the dispersive properties of the actual lens material, and is not a function of lens design. Originally Posted by chip anderson.

The result is a change in the effective power dseign the prescription away from the optical axis or optical center of the lens, leaving a “residual” refractive error. For example, consider a prescription of Each prescription requires a unique deign design to fully eliminate lens aberrations. Away from this central region, the amount of surface astigmatism smoothly increases towards the periphery of the lejs.

Nevertheless, the differences in optical performance due only to the placement of the progressive optics are generally small. Power error is a spherical -like focusing error, and is similar in effect to unwanted sphere power in a prescription. As a result, rays of light refracted by the peripheral regions of the lens are focused closer to the lens than light rays refracted through the central, paraxial region.

Lenses must therefore be designed to optimize peripheral optical performance for either the sphere power meridian, the cylinder power meridian, or some power in between the two. Consequently, some practitioners may specify “match base curves” on a new prescription. Consequently, an imprudently flattened lens design, while thinner and lighter in weight than a “best form” lens design, produces inferior desigm vision.

A torus is the spatial body resulting when a circle with radius r rotates around an axis lying within the same plane as the circle, at a distance R from the circle’s centre see figure atoruc right. The smallest radius of curvature, rcorresponds to the greatest refractive power, sgiven by. Best Form Lens Design. In summary, flatter lens forms provide the following mechanical and cosmetic benefits:.


The focal power of a lens is simply equal to dfsign net effect of its front and back surfaces. Unlike the change in curvature away from the center of an aspheric lens surface, which remains the same through every radial meridian of the lens, the change in curvature away from the center of an atoric lens surface varies from meridian to meridian.

Changes to the basic design of these lenses have therefore been limited to subtle variations in optical design across a handful of base curves that must work sufficiently well over relatively broad prescription ranges. Consequently, incident light from an off-axis object point is brought to a focus at two different locations i. Originally Posted by wss Nonetheless, the more base curves a given base curve series has, the more precisely the aberrations can be minimized.

Light rays refracted through the paraxial region will form a sharp point focus at the atorid focal point of the lens and ultimately upon the retina of the eye.

Free-form surfacing, also referred to as direct or digital surfacing, refers to a process that is capable of producing complex surface shapes, including aspheric, atoric and even progressive addition surfaces.

I just read this stuff for the belly laughs Since atoroc cannot be eliminated using conventional base curve ranges, distortion is usually not a consideration for ophthalmic lens design.

Toric lens

This type of surface offers more flexibility to the lens designer than a simple conicoid surface. Moreover, the wearer will generally adjust to these perceptual differences within a week or so. These unwanted power changes can reduce the optical performance of taoric progressive lens, particularly through the central viewing zones Figure 7.

Describe and define free-form technology as used in progressive lenses.